Animal Movement

Livestock Hauliers

If you transport livestock as part of an ‘economic activity’ on journeys over 65km (approx 40 miles) you will need to hold a Transporter Authorisation. Additionally you may be required to hold a Certificate of Competence. (Economic Activity is classed as any transport of animals undertaken as part of a business or commercial activity, which aims at achieving financial gain, whether direct or indirect).

However, it should be noted that farmers transporting their own animals in their own transport on journeys of up to 50km from their holding are exempt from some requirements and do not need Transporter Authorisation or a Certificate Of Competence.

What Transporter Authorisation do I need?

There are two types of Transporter Authorisation:

  • Short journey Authorisation (Type 1) – For journeys over 65km and up to and including 8 hours duration.
  • Long journey Authorisation (Type 2) – This covers both long and short journeys. Additional conditions will need to be met if applying for a long journey Authorisation.

Transporters must either carry their Authorisation certificate or a copy of it whenever transporting animals. Authorisation Certificates will be issued by the Animal Health Agency and last for five years unless revoked or suspended, or it may have conditions imposed upon it anytime within this period if there are infringements of any requirement of the regulation or the relevant Welfare of Animals (Transport) Order.

You do not require an authorisation for transporting animals if the journey is not in connection with an ‘economic activity’.

This includes journeys:

  • Not in the course of business or trade
  • Not for hire or reward
  • Consisting of a single animal accompanied by a person who has responsibility for its welfare (or two animals accompanied by two people)
  • Where pet animals are accompanied by their owner on a private journey
  • Where pet animals are taken to or from a specialist show or competition and the primary purpose is for pleasure rather than as part of a business
  • Where horses and ponies are transported by an owner for the purpose of riding, showing or competing for pleasure, e.g. show jumping, gymkhanas etc. (however, a haulier paid to take such animals to shows etc. would require an Authorisation)
  • Where individuals attending shows or competitions primarily for pleasure share the burden of transport e.g. petrol costs, but where there is no profit made by the individual undertaking the transport

A journey is defined as the time from when the first animal is put onto a means of transport at the premises of departure until the last animal is unloaded at the final destination (Except for poultry, for which journey times disregard loading and unloading times). The distance of 65km is defined as the travelled distance, not as the crow flies.

Additional conditions for long journey Authorisation Vehicle Approval

Applicants transporting farm livestock or horses by road on journeys over 8 hours must hold valid vehicle approval certificates. Applicants transporting other species over 8 hours outside of the UK will need to hold a vehicle approval certificate if any of the EU member states involved in the journey (transiting or destination) require one.

Applicants transporting other species, where their journeys start and finish in the UK and are less than 12 hours, do not require vehicle approval certificates

The following bodies have been designated to inspect and approve vehicles:
CMI Certification: Tel – 01993 885657
Freight Transport Association: Tel – 08717 112222
SAI Global/EFSIS: Tel – 01908 609825

Tracking Vehicles During Journeys

Holders of long journey (Type 2) Authorisations must have in place procedures that enable them to trace and record the movement of their vehicles and be able to contact their drivers. As a minimum, it is expected that the driver can be contacted at any time by mobile phone and, where transport regulations require it, that there is a properly functioning tachograph in the vehicle.

Transporters are required to demonstrate that vehicles used to transport livestock and unregistered horses travelling longer than 12 hours or outside the UK are equipped with a navigation and tracking system that records details of journeys as set out in the Journey Logs, as well as information concerning the opening and closing of the loading flap.

This is a requirement for all new vehicles from 1 January 2007, and for all existing vehicles from 1 January 2009.

Contingency Plans

Holders of long journey (Type 2) Authorisations must also have in place contingency plans to deal with emergencies that can arise during a journey such as animals falling ill or injured, unforeseen delays, breakdowns or accidents. The regulation requires transporters to document their contingency plans in case of emergencies.

Certificates of Competence

As of the 5 January 2008 applicants transporting horses, livestock or poultry by road (only) over 65km must hold valid Certificates of Competence for drivers and attendants of road vehicles. Authorisation certificates issued before January 2008 will continue to be valid provided drivers or attendants holding relevant Certificates of Competence carry them.

The regulation also requires handlers (including market and assembly centre staff) and transporters of all animals to be trained in the new regulation’s technical rules (fitness to travel, means of transport, loading/unloading etc.). How training is to be achieved is up to the individual. It may be achieved by means of on-the-job instruction combined with practical experience or by more formal methods leading to a qualification.

Transporters of species other than horses, livestock and poultry do not have to hold certificates of competence.

Defra have designated the independent bodies shown below to undertake competence assessments and award certificates.

Horses Only:
The British Driving Society
Executive Secretary, 83 New Road, Helmingham, Stowmarket, Suffolk, IP14 6QA
Tel: 01473 892 001
Email: email@britishdrivingsociety.co.uk
Web: www.britishdrivingsociety.co.uk

British Horseracing Education and Standards Trust
Suite 16, Unit 8, Kings Court, Willie Snaith Road, Newmarket, Suffolk, CB8 7SG
Tel:016 3856 0743
Email: info@bhest.co.uk
Web: www.bhest.co.uk

Cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, game birds and poultry:
NPTC, Part of the City & Guilds Group
Stoneleigh Park, Warwickshire, CV8 2LG
Tel: 024 7685 7300
E-mail: information@nptc.org.uk
Web: www.nptc.org.uk

Lantra Awards
Lantra House, Stoneleigh Park, Warwickshire, CV8 2LG
Tel: 024 7641 9703
Email: bradley.parker@lantra-awards.co.uk
Web: www.lantra-awards.co.uk

Scottish Skills Testing Service
Lothian Machinery Ring Ltd, Overgogar house, Gogarbank, Edinburgh, EH12 9DD
Tel: 0131 339 8739
Email: ssts@lothianmachineryring.co.uk
Web: www.lothianmachineryring.co.uk

Existing Authorisations

As of the 5 January 2007 all existing Authorisations granted under the Welfare of Animals (Transport) Order 1997 will no longer be valid.

How to apply:

Application forms for both types of Authorisation are available here:
Authorisation Guidance (pdf)
Transporter Authorisation up to 8 Hours (pdf)
Transporter Authorisation over 8 Hours (pdf)

Or from the: Welfare in Transport Team, Animal Health Agency, Block C, Government Buildings, Whittington Road, WORCESTER WR5 2SU
Tel: 0845 603 8395
Email: wit@svs.gsi.gov.uk

Animal Transit Certificate (ATC) Requirements:

As a livestock haulier/transporter you are legally required to ensure that, except where a route plan is required, all animals transported are accompanied throughout the journey by documentation stating:

  • Name and address of the transporter
  • Name and address of the owner of the animals
  • Place animals were loaded and their final destination
  • Date and time the first animals was loaded
  • Date and time of departure
  • The time and place if any resting periods

The above information is taken from The Welfare of Animals (Transport) Order 1997.

You can download a sample of an ATC (pdf) here. These are required for journeys of any species of animals over any distance or duration except journeys involving farm livestock and unregistered horses on export journeys over 8 hours, which require a Journey Log instead.

Journey Logs

Since 5 January 2007 anyone exporting farm livestock or unregistered horses is required to complete a Journey Log (WIT 7). This will need to be approved by the relevant Animal Health Divisional Office for the place of departure. The journey log replaces the existing route plan form (ERA 20).

REMEMBER – TAILGATING IS ILLEGAL!

A reminder that tailgating (the transfer of livestock from one vehicle to another) is generally not permitted and is an offence under The General Licence made under The Disease Control (England) Order 2003.

Tailgating is only permitted at the perimeter of a holding, in order to collect livestock from or drop off livestock to more than one premise (in England) along with other stock on board the vehicle.

Multiple Pick-Ups and Drop-Offs of Livestock From Agricultural Holdings

The rules governing multiple pick-ups and drop-offs of livestock in England changed on the 13th July 2009. From that date there is no need for holdings to have prior approval from Defra to operate as a multiple pick-up/drop-off site.

All pick-ups and drop-off can be made providing that they take place on the perimeter of holdings either by tail-gating, use of pens or temporary pens. It is the responsibility of keepers to ensure that rules are adhered to.

These changes to the legislation apply within England. Prior approval will still be needed for any movements involving multiple pick-ups and/or drop-offs within Wales (even if all other picks or drops off are in England, if at least one is in Wales, an MPU is required).

Welfare of Animals During Transport

Requirements for transporting animals by road as part of an economic activity:

Journeys Up To 65km  Short Journey (over 65km and up to 8 Hrs)
 Long Journey (over 8 Hrs)

Species

Any destination up to 65km (See Note 1 below)

To destinations within another EU Member State or third country

To destination within GB & Northern Ireland

To destinations within GB & Northern Ireland

To destinations within another EU Member State or third country

Cattle
Sheep
Pigs
Goats
Unregistered Equidae (horses etc.)
v Comply with general conditions
v ATC
v Adequate Training
v Type 1 Authorisation
v ATC
v Short journey certificate of competence
v Type 1 Authorisation
v ATC
v Short journey certificate of competence
v Type 2 authorisation
v ATC
v Long journey certificate of competence
v Vehicle approval certificate
v Contingency plans
v Type 2 authorisation
v ATC
v Long journey certificate of competence
v Vehicle approval certificate
v Contingency plans
Registered Equidae (horses etc.) v Comply with general conditions
v ATC
v Adequate Training
v Type 1 Authorisation
v ATC
v Short journey certificate of competence
v Type 1 Authorisation
v ATC
v Short journey certificate of competence
v Type 2 authorisation
v ATC
v Long journey certificate of competence
v Vehicle approval certificate
v Contingency plans
v Type 2 authorisation
v ATC
v Long journey certificate of competence
v Vehicle approval certificate
v Contingency plans
Poultry (Includes: domestic fowl, ducks, geese, turkeys, guinea fowl, quails, pheasants and partridges) v Comply with general conditions
v ATC
v Adequate Training
v Type 1 Authorisation
v ATC
v Short journey certificate of competence
v Type 1 Authorisation
v ATC
v Short journey certificate of competence
v Type 2 authorisation
v ATC
v Long journey certificate of competence
v Contingency Plans
v Type 2 authorisation
v ATC
v Long journey certificate of competence
v Contingency Plans
See Note 3 below

Other Species (Includes: dogs, cats,  birds,  rabbits, fish, racing pigeons etc.)

v Comply with general conditions
v ATC
v Adequate Training
v Type 1 Authorisation
v ATC
v Adequate Training
v Type 1 Authorisation
v ATC
v Adequate Training
v Type 2 authorisation
v ATC
v Adequate Training
v Contingency Plans
See Note 2 below
v Type 2 authorisation
v ATC
v Adequate Training
v Contingency Plans
See Note 3 below
Type 1 Authorisation: Required for journeys over 65km and up to 8 Hours.Type 2 Authorisation: Required for journeys of any length over 65km including those over 8 Hours.Journey Log ( form WIT 7): required for transporting cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and unregistered Equidae on journeys over 8 hours to another EU member state or third country.ATC (Animal Transport Certificate) (form WIT 6): Required for journeys of any species of animals over any distance or duration EXCEPT journeys involving farm livestock and unregistered Equidae on export journeys over 8 hours to another EU member state or third country.Note 1. Farmers transporting their own animals in their own transport on journeys of up to 50km from their holding are EXEMPT from some requirements.Note 2. Applicants transporting other species, where their journeys start and finish in the UK are less than 12 Hours, do not require vehicle approval certificates. Vehicles transporting other species over 12 hours in the UK must be inspected and approved. However, where animals are carried within containers within the vehicle, inspection and approval of the vehicle is not required.Note 3. If you transport animals overseas you must hold a vehicle approval certificate if any of the EU Member States involved in the journey (transiting or destination) require one.