Animal Movement

6/20 Day Standstill Information

Current legislation dictates that movements of cattle, sheep, goats and pigs off a holding can only take place after complying with a standstill period, which is a period of time when animals cannot be moved off of a property after animals have been moved onto it.

If cattle, sheep or goats are moved onto a holding then no cattle, sheep, goats or pigs can be moved off the holding within six clear days of that movement. The standstill starts the moment the animals are brought onto the land, and the six day count begins the following day.

In practice this means you won’t be able to move any animals off the property for a week. For example, if cattle, sheep or goats are brought onto the holding on a Saturday, no cattle, sheep, goats or pigs can move off the holding until the following Saturday at the earliest.

If pigs move onto a holding then no pigs can be moved off the holding within 20 days. However, any cattle, sheep or goats on that holding will be able to be moved after 6 days.

Exemptions

Moves to markets, collecting centres, shows, breed inspections
The movement of an animal onto premises licensed under the Animal Gatherings (England) Order 2010 for a sale, show or exhibition, for onward consignment within Great Britain for further rearing, finishing or slaughter or for an inspection to confirm specific breed characteristics will not trigger a standstill on that premises.

Deer
The movement of a deer onto premises will not trigger a standstill on any other animal on the premises. The movement onto premises of cattle, sheep, goats or pigs will not trigger a standstill on any deer in those premises.

Common Land
Animals may move between common grazing and the associated in-bye land (enclosed farmland) occupied by the owner or keeper without observing a standstill either on the in-bye or common grazing land. The owner or keeper must have the registered right of common on the common grazing (or equivalent in the case of the New Forest, Epping Forest or the Forest of Dean). Movements of stock from one common grazing to another do trigger the 6 day standstill. In addition, animals may return from common grazing land to in-bye land without observing a standstill on the common grazing land. However, their arrival back at the in-bye land will trigger a 6 day standstill on the in-bye land which will need to be observed if the returned stock (or any other stock on the in-bye land) are to be moved to anywhere else other than back to the common grazing. In the case of the movement of a pig to and from common grazing, any standstill period referred to above should be increased to 20 days. Sheep rounded up from common land by a commoner can be returned from that commoner’s premises, to the premises of the owner of the sheep or returned to the common without triggering a 6 day standstill. Movements returning sheep to the common land may take place under General Licence.

Imported animals and animals destined for export
Imported livestock will not trigger a standstill at the first premises they are kept at (after the port or airport of entry itself, to which no standstill will apply either). Livestock for export will have to comply with EU residence time requirements, but (except for sheep and goats to be exported for breeding or fattening) need not respect a standstill on the premises of departure.

Movements to slaughter
Animals may move off premises direct to a slaughterhouse, slaughter collecting centre, dedicated slaughter collection or dedicated slaughter market irrespective of whether livestock have moved onto those premises in the previous 6 days (or 20 days for any pig on a holding onto which other pigs have been moved). From a dedicated slaughter market or dedicated slaughter collection, no animal may return to its premises of origin or move to any premises other than a slaughterhouse.

Sole Occupancy Authorities
Movements between premises linked by a SOA approved by the Defra will not trigger a standstill on the premises of destination and need not respect any standstill at the premises of departure. But movements onto any of the SOA premises from outside that linked group of premises will prevent movements off any of the SOA premises to premises not linked by the SOA for 6 days (or 20 days for any pigs on a holding onto which pigs are moved) unless some other exemption is applicable.  Since 2012 no new SOA are able to be set up and all movements of sheep/goats are required to be reported to Trading Standards.

Grass keeps (this is land rented on another holding)
This land is linked to your main holding but operates independent to the main holding.  When moving on and off this land you have to observe the normal standstill period.  All movements of sheep/goats are required to be reported.  Additionally movements onto a grass keep does not put a standstill onto the main holding only the grass keep.

If grass keep is in close proximity (max ½ mile) and they are walked to, then you do not have to report the movement but do have to put it in the movement book and observe a standstill period.

Movements for veterinary treatment
Movements to: All animals may move to premises for veterinary treatment and, in the case of goats for the collection of semen, irrespective of whether livestock have moved onto the premises of origin in the previous 6 days (20 days as appropriate). Once at the veterinary treatment centre all animals, except pigs, must be held in complete physical isolation from all other animals present at the premises.

Movements from: Premises where veterinary treatment is carried out are not subject to standstill requirements and all animals (including offspring born at the veterinary premises), other than pigs, may return to the premises of origin without triggering a standstill on their return to the premises, provided that they have been isolated from other animals whilst undergoing veterinary treatment. In the case of pigs, a standstill will not be triggered on return to their premises of origin provided that they are kept in a Defra approved isolation facility for 20 days from their arrival.

Movements to/from an Artificial Insemination Centre
Movements to: Sheep and goats, moving to an Artificial Insemination Centre can do so irrespective of whether livestock have moved onto the premises of departure in the previous 6 days provided that they have been in a Defra approved isolation facility for 6 days prior to departure to an AI Centre.

Cattle and pigs moving to an artificial insemination centre can do so irrespective of whether livestock have moved onto the premises of departure in the previous 6 days (or 20 days as appropriate).

Movements from: Premises where artificial insemination is carried out are not subject to standstill requirements and cattle can return to their original premises of departure without triggering a standstill on those premises.

If they have been isolated from all other animals while at the Artificial Insemination Centre, sheep and goats can return to their original premises of departure without triggering a standstill provided that they are placed in a Defra approved isolation facility on their return, otherwise they will trigger a standstill. The recipient of the sheep or goats returning home must declare that the animals were isolated from all other animals while at the AI centre and that they have been placed in an isolation facility on return.

Pigs can also return to their original premises of departure without triggering a standstill provided that they are placed in a Defra approved isolation facility for 20 days after their return, otherwise they will trigger a standstill.

The collection of semen from goats is subject to the veterinary treatment rules.

Movement to a laboratory for diagnostic tests
An animal being moved to a laboratory for diagnostic tests to be carried out to ascertain whether the animal is affected by, or has been exposed to, disease need not respect any standstill on the premises of departure, and will not trigger a standstill on arrival at the laboratory. Once at the laboratory all animals, except pigs, must be held in complete physical isolation from all other animals present at the premises.

Exemptions For Breeding Animals

Exemptions for Breeding Pigs
No pig moving for breeding purposes”) shall trigger a movement standstill on the breeding premises provided that–

a) prior to it being moved, it either respects any movement standstill on the premises of departure, or alternatively, is isolated for 20 days prior to the movement taking place in a Defra approved isolation facility;
b) it is placed on arrival in a Defra approved isolation facility;
c) the recipient signs and sends to the local authority a declaration that the pig being moved is intended for breeding;
d) it is individually identified;
e) no other pig that has moved onto the breeding premises in the 20 day period beforehand is placed into the Defra approved isolation facility with the pig being moved;
f) any other pigs placed into the Defra approved isolation facility with the pig being moved shall remain there until the expiry of a 20 day period following the arrival in that facility of the pig being moved;

No pig returning from breeding to its premises of departure shall trigger a 20 day standstill on return, provided either the premises of departure and the home premises are part of a “pyramid” (see i below) and the “pyramid” authorisation conditions are met or else the pig is placed in a Defra approved isolation facility for 20 days after its return.

Exemptions for Breeding Rams and Bulls
For a seasonal period (from 1 August to 30 November every year), breeding rams and bulls will be allowed to leave premises that are under a 6 day standstill for a market, provided that they have been placed in a Defra approved isolation facility for six days beforehand. The sender of the animals being moved must certify (by way of a declaration on the movement licence) that the animals intended for breeding to be sold at market and have been confined in a Defra approved isolation facility for 6 days. The declaration must be sent to the Local Authority, who will note its arrival on AMLS; for six days. The recipient of the animals being moved must certify (by way of a declaration on the movement licence) that the animals intended for breeding purposes have been confined in a Defra approved isolation facility for 6 days; not trigger a 6 day standstill on the premises for breeding that they are being brought onto, provided that they are isolated for six days in a Defra approved isolation facility. In the case of breeding rams, ewes placed in isolation with those rams will themselves have to spend six days in isolation. The recipient of the animals must certify (by way of a declaration on the movement licence) that the animals have been received and been confined in a Defra approved isolation facility for 6 days.

Exemptions for Breeding Goats
Breeding goats of either gender will not trigger a 6 day standstill on premises to which they are moved for breeding provided that they are isolated for six days in a Defra approved isolation facility before they leave the premises of origin. The recipient of the animals must complete and send to the local authority a declaration that the animals have been received, are intended for breeding on those premises and that they have been confined in an isolation facility for 6 days prior to the move. Goats may return to the same breeding premises during the six day isolation period on their home premises.

The exemption for breeding goats is applied all year round and is not seasonal.

NOTE

a) All sheep and goats being moved for breeding purposes must be identified in
accordance with the Sheep and Goats (Records Identification and Movement (England) Order 2009. The identification mark must be recorded on the movement document and in the holdings register.
b) Breeding animals in a Defra approved isolation facility must not share the facility with other animals isolated for any other purpose.

Exemption for pig pyramids
Movements as referred to in Article 14 of the Pigs (Records, Identification and Movement) Order 2007, i.e. “pyramid” movements where the pig is intended for breeding or growing, and is moving from a source approved by Defra to the premises of destination provided such movement has been authorised by a veterinary inspector under that article. Such animals need not respect any 20 day standstill on the premises of departure and will not trigger a standstill on their arrival and they may also return from the breeding premises without observing any standstill.

Movements to and from shows
Pigs may move to a show without having to respect any movement standstill on the premises of departure provided they are individually identified and kept in a Defra approved isolation facility for the 20 days prior to departure for the show.

Pigs may return from a show to the premises from which they departed for the show without triggering a movement standstill on those premises provided they are kept for 20 days after their arrival in a Defra approved isolation facility. Pigs must be isolated by themselves and not share isolation facilities with other species.

Cattle, sheep and goats may attend shows without having to observe a movement standstill on the premises of departure, provided that they have been isolated from all other non-show animals on their resident holding in Defra- approved isolation facility for six days before attending the show.

On return to the premises of departure, the cattle, sheep and goats must be kept in a Defra approved isolation facility for 6 days. If they are not kept in such a facility for that period then a 6 day standstill will be imposed on that holding. Animals may return to their premises of departure between shows and move to a further show within 6 days provided that they are kept in a Defra approved isolation facility on those premises throughout the period they are there. Alternatively cattle, sheep and goats can move direct from one show to another without triggering a movement standstill.